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TechPost 3 August 4, 2010

Filed under: Tech Post — wenwenchen @ 8:58 pm

Future Thinking

1. Description

The name of our product is iTransformer.

The concept of iTransformer is for easier carrying, multiple usages, and human touch. By 2025, most people will choose this technology, since it is a choice to reduce losing of mobile phones, a choice to have 4D talking with contacts, a choice to have a ‘soft’ technology in daily life.

This technology, or to say, this kind of mobile phones with the specific technology allows users to ‘wear’ it in many situations. There could be many models for users to choose. A watch phone is no longer a novelty in 2025, but a watch phone with 4D technology build in could be a new trend for iTransformer lovers to follow. A phone that can bend and fold will increase a lot fun to users while they using their phones.

Based on past experiences, most people will feel tired in the shape or appearance of their mobile phones. Plate rolls users may want to have a clamshell phone or a slide phone. With iTransformer technology, people do not have to buy a lot of phones in order to fit in the fashion trend of mobile phones, they can buy only one chip, which looks like a SIM card in 2010, it is not only a user’s information and contact list chip, but also an iTransformer technology installer. With this chip, users can transform any kind of mobile phones into the shapes they want, which could satisfy their desire in always be fond of new looks.

2. Development

At the end of 2015, US technological engineers finally conquered the conundrum that combines the solar energy and NT (Nanotechnology) into one small energy container. This means many battery using technologies can store much more huge amount of energy than user, which technologically speaking, could lowered the payment on users’ electric bill and also longer the batteries’ life spans.

Time firstly published this news on the Christmas special edition on December 24th, 2015. It wrote that the remarkable success was a huge step for human being on the way of scientific and technological development; it was a milestone for later technological advancement.

In later several years after this technology had been widely used, almost all battery using technologies have turned to add in this technology especially in mobile phone industry. The appearances of mobile phones have been changed, more creative ideas for mobile phone producers and more options for final users to choose. Motorola produced a super thin mobile phone Moto649 with a transparent screen, which is also the battery absorbing part, on the top of the phone. When the phone is not using, the screen part is penetrable and easy for carrying. Users can simply lock their phones on their key chains. This Moto649 starts a brand new era for mobile phones in considering more in kinesiology to be more suitable for human being in using technologies.

A great news was bombed after a long peace and the bottleneck in mobile phone industry in April, 2022. Consumers can now own self humanoid robots! The outlook of the robots had almost no difference with real human beings. It can smile with the corners of the mouth uptrend; its skin is also as elastic as real skin. This humanoid robot wholly changed the way people thinking about a machine.

No longer after that, Nokia888 appeared on the market, it was the first transformable mobile phone in the world and also the milestone in mobile phone technology. It follows the idea of kinesiology, combine the skin making of the humanoid robot, the Nokia888 could transformed into several forms to satisfied the users’ needs. It could be fold as a clip or wear as a bracelet. Users no longer have to worry about to leave a pocket for cell phones or the stolen of cell phones. Besides the merit of human touch and easy for carrying, it also works as a smart phone. It carried on the idea of a pocket computer, and made it simpler to operate.

3. Rationale

Using solar power to produce electricity is not the same as using solar to produce heat. Solar thermal principles are applied to produce hot fluids or air. Photovoltaic principles are used to produce electricity. A solar panel (PV panel) is made of the natural element, silicon, which becomes charged electrically when subjected to sun light. Energy conservation plays a crucial role for sensor networks. We propose to utilize solar power in wireless sensor networks, establishing a topology where, changing over time, some nodes can receive and transmit packets without consuming the limited battery resources. (Voigt,T. 2003)

Scientists are not only working on solar power, but also nanotechnology. It is said that advances in nanoscience and nanotechnology promise to have major implications in the upcoming decades. Knowledge in this field is growing worldwide, leading to fundamental scientific advances. And this will lead to dramatic changes in the ways that materials, devices, and systems are understood and created.

According to the development of these two perspective technologies, the possibility of making a solar-nanotechnology based battery has been hugely enhanced.

A robot called ‘Robovie’ has been developed. It has unique mechanisms designed for communication with humans. Robovie can generate human-like behaviors by using human-like actuators and vision and audio sensors. (Ishiguro, 2001) This research gives us the confidence that a real-human-look robot will not be only a dream. With the addition of nanotechnology, the iTransformer technology becomes a positive solution for future mobile phone.

Reference:

Mihail C. Roco,William Sims Bainbridge. (2001).  Societal Implications of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology.

http://books.google.com/books?hl=zh-CN&lr=&id=4S54FQKgeQUC&oi=fnd&pg=PR5&dq=nanotechnology&ots=jy7Qmu1Jsv&sig=NzCaiVT9zM9f6DPIYix5vLX50M0#v=onepage&q&f=false

Voigt, T.,   Ritter, H.,   Schiller, J.. (2003) . Utilizing Solar Power in Wireless Sensor Networks. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/freeabs_all.jsp?arnumber=1243167

Ishiguro Hiroshi, Ono Tetsuo, Imai Michita, Maeda Takeshi, Kanda Takayuki, Nakatsu Ryohei. (2001). Robovie: An Interactive Humanoid Robot. http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/mcb/049/2001/00000028/00000006/art00006

Some other links:

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/02/05/future-phones-the-coolest_n_450678.html

http://www.solar4power.com/solar-power-basics.html

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StudioLab 4

Filed under: Studio Lab — wenwenchen @ 6:33 am

Fictional Facebook Profile

Wenwen Chen

301102016

Samuel Finley Breese Morse was born in Charlestown, Massachusetts. He was an inventor and artist. He studied painting in England and achieved some suuccess.  He developed the concept of a single-wire telegraph, and well-known for the Morse code. The original Morse telegraph is now part of the collections of the National Museum of American History at the Smithsonian Institution. And the Morse code became the primary language of telegraphy in the world. Most information I put in the fictional facebook profile is found on the website. The information is connected with Samuel Finley Breese Morse’s life experiences and his contribution to the world.

He will always be known as the great inventor of Morse code.

Pictures of the Fictional Facebook Profile:

 

TechPost #2 July 20, 2010

Filed under: Tech Post — wenwenchen @ 6:42 pm

A Brief Development History of Moblie Phone

Wenwen Chen

301102016

The primitive mobile telephones existed in the 1930s before the World War II. After the telephone was developed in the mid-1870s and radio at the turn of the century, it was natural to seek ways to combine the two, merging radio’s mobility with the telephone’s person-to-person capability and extensive network. (Tom Farley, 2007)They were specially converted two way radios used by government or industry, with calls patched manually into the landline telephone network. Many New York City fireboats and tugboats had this kind of radiotelephones at that time. (Tom Farley, 2005) Those radiotelephones were mobile, but they were big and clunky; and they were limited by the small range of the transmitter; the most serious problem is they only connected with fellow users.

On July 28, 1945 Time magazine said American Telephone & Telegraph (AT&T) was ready to manufacture “a new two-way, auto-to-anywhere radio-telephone for U.S. motorists.” It says millions of users could use the same channels across the country. A year after this print, on June 17, 1946 in Saint Louis, Missouri, AT&T and South-western Bell, began to operate MTS (Mobile Telephone Service). Motorola built the radios and the Bell System installed them. In 1960s, Motorola became a major supplier of pre-cellular car telephones. However, at that time, no one saw mobile telephony as a mass market, because the phones were big, expensive, and complicated to use, and the callers had little privacy. To make one three-minute call per day on the car phone, the cost per call would work out to about $8.00 in today’s money, exclusive of toll charges. (Tom Farley, 2007)Problems were listed by plenty of users, but there was no other way to connect to the telephone system when you were mobile. But all those imperfect promote the high speed development of mobile telephony industry.

In December 1947 Donald H. Ring outlined the idea that a true cellular radio system for mobile telephony in an internal company memo. The cellular radio elements were known as a network of small geographical areas called cells, a base station transmitter in each, cell traffic controlled by a central switch, frequencies reused by different cells and so on. (Tom Farley, 2005) Then in 1947, and for decades after, with this technology, more spectrums, more channels were essential to developing a high capacity in mobile telephone service.

In January 1969, the Bell System made commercial cellular radio operational for the first time by employing frequency reuse in a small zone system. By using public payphones, users could make telephone calls while moving at more than 160 kilometers per hour. In the same year, the first all transistor mobile telephones appeared: Motorola’s ‘Mark 12’. It marked the ending of the tube era for radio telephones. However, this transistor rig was still big and mounted in a vehicle.

In May, 1978 The Bahrain Telephone Company (Batelco) began operating the first commercial cellular telephone system, which had 250 subscribers in two simple cell schemes and can operate on 20 channels in the 400 MHz band, and used all Matsushita (Panasonic) equipment. (Tom Farley, 2005) Then worldwide commercial cellular deployment blossomed in the late 1970s and continued into the early 1980s.

In 1983, Motorola announced the world’s first handheld mobile phone, DynaTAC 8000X. But it took ten years for the DynaTAC to reach the market in 1973. Upon its release in 1983, the DynaTAC 8000X became an instant cultural icon, both as a status symbol for the rich and as an almost miraculous wonder: phone that a person could use anywhere. After the success of the DynaTAC, in 1984, Motorola followed up with the much small and lighter MicroTAC phone. This MicroTAC included a novel space-saving idea: it placed part of the phone’s hardware in a hinged section that could fold inward or outward as needed, thus reducing the size of the phone when it wasn’t in use. This concept lives on in many cell phones today. (Benj Edwards, 2009)

Although public mobile telephone history begins in the 1940s, only since 1990s have mobiles become low cost and used worldwide. In 1980s, many people think of the ‘car phones’; while in 1990s, they picture bag phones like the Motorola 2900. A bag contained a transceiver and battery, thus the users operated a much lighter corded handset. (Benj Edwards, 2009) Users could carry the bag on their shoulders. Because of the heftier batteries, bag phones could afford to transmit a cell signal with great power, supply long talk times and superior range. Therefore, even the bag phones remained bulk and the smaller phones are available on the market, the bag phones are still very popular.

In 1996, Motorola produced the 3.1-ounce StarTAC, which immediately proved popular and unfuential. (Benj Edward, 2009) The StarTAC allowed users to fold the phone in half when they weren’t talking on it. We now call this design ‘clamshell’, for the similarity to the way a clam opens and closes. A large percentage of mobile phones still use this design today.

After Nokia 9000i was born, the real beginning of our modern smartphone era started. Though many people give the honor of first-ever smartphone to IBM Simon. The Nokia 9000i truly was a pocket computer and a cell phone rolled into one. The Nokia 9000i could send and receive faxes, text messages, and e-mail, and also had limited Web access through 16-character SMS messages.

In 2002, Sprint and Sanyo released the first American cell phone with a built-in camera, the SCP-5300. The camera phone has a color screen, and the public went crazy for it. In 2004, Motorola broke the status quo of looking the same with the Razr V3. Motorola Razr V3 was a slim, slab-like clamshell phone with a large color screen, a stylish and flat keyboard, a built-in camera, and multimedia capabilities. It looks so cool and became wide popular.

Till now, mobile phones had become the dynamic and perhaps most important communication tool of our lives. After the year 2007, Apple rocked our world with its iPhone: it is a powerful pocket computer with excellent software, a game machine, and a multimedia-playback device. It also offers the ability of instant, high-speed access to the Web, e-mail, Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube, wherever you can find mobile phone coverage. The iPhone became a revolutionary device and other companies are already coming up with imitators.

References:

Tom Farley. (2005) Mobile Telephone History

Retrieved from: http://www.cems.uwe.ac.uk/~rwilliam/CSA_course/mobile_phone_history.pdf

Tom Farley. (2007) The Cell Phone Revolution

Retrieved from: http://www.americanheritage.com/events/articles/web/20070110-cell-phone-att-mobile-phone-motorola-federal-communications-commission-cdma-tdma-gsm.shtml

John R. Free. (2008) World’s First Cell Phone (Jul, 1973)

Retrieved from: http://blog.modernmechanix.com/2008/04/22/worlds-first-cell-phone/

Benj Edward. (2009) Evolution of the Cell Phone

Retrieved from: http://www.pcworld.com/article/173033/evolution_of_the_cell_phone.html

Already in 1924, Bell Labs tested mobile radio telephony (from http://www.bell-labs.com/history/75/ gallery.html)

Already in 1924, Bell Labs tested mobile radio telephony (from http://www.bell-labs.com/history/75/ gallery.html)

An IMTS car phone, built by Motorola, from 1964. It weighed 40 pounds, half as much as the original 1940s units.

Motorola MicroTAC

Motorola 2900 Bag Phone

Nokia 9000i Communicator

Sanyo SCP-5300

Motorola Razr V3

Apple iPhone

 

StudioLab 3 July 16, 2010

Filed under: Studio Lab — wenwenchen @ 6:25 am

By doing this collective research project, we learnt how to use a wiki to cooperate in a group project. Wiki allows us to separate our jobs in questions or to say, pages, in this specific project. Every student can easily edit others’ jobs with a computer. Wiki also allows us to make an outline as we want in order to better operating our project. My favorite part of this wiki is that it will send you e-mail when the wiki page is updated by others, with which I do not have to check the page all the time. However, this ‘send e-mail’ idea could be a problem if the load of members in the group is too large. For instance, a group has 100 members, every member edit the wiki page once a day, that is to say, you probably will receive 99 e-mails in one day, people will surely be bothered by those e-mails. Another problem is, every person who has an account in Wetpaint.com can join and edit the project. It makes the information less secure and less reliable. With the traditional way of group project,group members sitting around in the same room, members have to sacrifice time in travelling to the meeting place, spending time in listening others’ opinion, probably writing down some notes, and so on. By using a wiki, members neither have to spend time in travelling nor listening. What they need to do is to find some time get online with a computer and check the wiki, see whether others’ posted any ideas, and edit them if they have some new ideas. Generally speaking, wiki changed the way people working on some projects, make a group meeting more casual and easier in time arranging.

 

Well Known Nokia 888 Design July 2, 2010

Filed under: Uncategorized — wenwenchen @ 8:00 pm
 

“Way of the Future!” Nokia Nanotech “Morph” Concept Phone!!

Filed under: Uncategorized — wenwenchen @ 7:55 pm
 

Future of cell phone technology

Filed under: Uncategorized — wenwenchen @ 7:51 pm